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  Frequently Asked Questions  
What is Hand Applied Emulsion?
Do you do your own printing?
What is a Silver Print?
What is a Cyanotype?
What is a Giclee?
What is Photorods?
What equipment do you use?
Q:  What is Hand Applied Emulsion?
A:  Hand Applied Emulsion, which is my favorite method of printmaking, is a process where you apply gelatin silver print emulsion on paper to make it light sensitive. I apply the emulsion using a goats hair brush because I prefer to have visible brush strokes on my prints. The coated paper is left to dry, and then exposed and processed traditionally in a darkroom.

The finished prints are toned with selenium or sepia to create an archival quality image with a beautiful tone.

Q:  Do you do your own printing?
A:  Because I was traditionally trained using a darkroom, I print all of my own work both in the darkroom and digitally.

Q:  What is a Silver Print?
A:  A Silver Print, also known as Gelatin Silver Print, is the technical term for a Black & White photograph.

Q:  What is a Cyanotype?
A:  A cyanotype is an old photographic printing process that was invented by Sir John Herschel in 1842. The image is created by coating paper with a light sensitive solution; a negative the size of the finished print is placed on the coated paper and placed in a contact printing frame. The image forms from exposure to UV light. I happen to use Arizona sunlight for my cyanotypes.

Q:  What is a Giclee?
A:  The Definition : Giclee (zhee-klay) - The French word "giclée" is a feminine noun that means a spray or a spurt of liquid. The word may have been derived from the French verb "gicler" meaning "to squirt".

The Term : The term "giclee print" connotes an elevation in printmaking technology. Images are generated from high resolution digital scans and printed with archival quality inks onto various substrates including canvas, fine art, and photo-base paper. The giclee printing process provides better color accuracy than other means of reproduction.

The Process : Giclee prints are created typically using professional 8-Color to 12-Color ink-jet printers. Among the manufacturers of these printers are vanguards such as Epson, MacDermid Colorspan, & Hewlett-Packard. These modern technology printers are capable of producing incredibly detailed prints for both the fine art and photographic markets. Giclee prints are sometimes mistakenly referred to as Iris prints, which are 4-Color ink-jet prints from a printer pioneered in the late 1970s by Iris Graphics.

The Advantages : Giclee prints are advantageous to artists who do not find it feasible to mass produce their work, but want to reproduce their art as needed, or on-demand. Once an image is digitally archived, additional reproductions can be made with minimal effort and reasonable cost. The prohibitive up-front cost of mass production for an edition is eliminated. Archived files will not deteriorate in quality as negatives and film inherently do. Another tremendous advantage of giclee printing is that digital images can be reproduced to almost any size and onto various media, giving the artist the ability to customize prints for a specific client.

The Quality : The quality of the giclee print rivals traditional silver-halide and gelatin printing processes and is commonly found in museums, art galleries, and photographic galleries.

The Market : Numerous examples of giclee prints can be found in New York City at the Metropolitan Museum, the Museum of Modern Art, and the Chelsea Galleries. Recent auctions of giclee prints have fetched $10,800 for Annie Leibovitz, $9,600 for Chuck Close, and $22,800 for Wolfgang Tillmans
(April 23/24 2004, Photographs, New York, Phillips de Pury & Company.) ©1997-2007 Giclée Print Net, Inc.

Q:  What is Photorods?
A:  Photorods® is a federally registered trademark of Gene Michael LLC and is used to brand his photographic art.

Q:  What equipment do you use?
A:  The eye, heart and soul.




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